If you have a sewing project, some basic hand sewing stitches will
get you the result you desire. Many different tasks are performed by
the new generation sewing machines, but they cannot give a sense of
accomplishment that you get from hand sewing.
Hand sewing is an art form that can satisfy your creative side. If
you learn some of these basic stitches, you will be able to do
embroidery, seams and hems. You can make clothing articles and
decorative items for your home once you have mastered these
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How to Sew Straight Stitch
This is a basic hand sewing stitch and as the name implies it is
made in a straight line from one point to another. Bringing the
needle from the back of the fabric into the front where your line
begins and you repeat the process following the pattern making a
straight stitch. Embroidery and basic seams are the most common uses
of the straight stitch.
How to Sew Whip Stitch
If you want to hold two pieces of fabric together in a tight narrow
seam, you can use the whipstitch, another of the basic hand sewing
stitches. You start by holding the two edges together and going
through the top layer fabric with your needle between the two
pieces, this will hide the knot.
Next, you run the needle through both fabrics close to where you
started by wrapping around the edges of the fabric. This stitch
holds different types of materials including plastics and leather.
The Difference Between Basting and Straight Stitch
One of the more basic hand sewing stitches is basting. It is a
stitch used to temporarily hold your fabrics in place while you are
making permanent stitches. Sewing long stitches that can easily be
removed is basting.
When you are altering an item, use basting stitches to check for the
right fit before final stitching is applied. A straight stitch can
be used as a basting stitch as long as it is not made very tight and
the stitches are not close together, generally, straight stitches
How to Back Stitch
When you have a project that requires a strong stitch that will not
come apart, you have to use the back stitch. This is considered the
strongest hand stitch and it is used for strengthening areas of a
garment that has stress.
The stitch is made by going through the fabric with a needle; you
insert the needle a little behind or to the right of where the
thread came out. On the backside, you bring the needle forward or to
the left side going through the fabric covering the same distance as
in the front. The stitches will overlap and this is the reason it is
How to Sew Slip Stitch
As you keep progressing with the basic hand sewing stitches you will
be hemming clothing items that require slip stitching. Used for
hemming you can barely notice it. After making the size of the hem
you put the needle in the fold and go through to the front layer of
the fabric by picking only a couple of threads, but not going to the
other side, you go back to the fold repeating the process until the
hem is finished.
A blind hem stitch hides the stitch on the right side of the fabric.
The best way to accomplish this is by not going through the fabric
but instead only a couple of threads at a time. The stitch is made
by folding the hemmed edge back and making a small stitch in the
fabric the next stitch will be on the hem and you keep alternating
between the hem and main part of the fabric.
An important process in one of the basic hand sewing stitches is
hemming. The key to a good hemming is finding thin thread and taking
your time by being precise. You begin by holding the open side of
the hem and start stitching from left to right. The key is to only
catch only a few threads of the fabric on the top and a deeper
stitch on the hem that way you can be sure the stitch will not show
on the other side.
What Is Used Most Often in Hand Sewing
As an art form, hand sewing brings pleasure to millions of people
around the world. Learning basic hand sewing stitches is a step you
can take to enjoy what others are doing and the right tools will
help you become more efficient. To assemble your kit, include:
Threaders and thimbles
Pins and pincushions
scissors, craft knife and seam ripper
rulers and marking tools
A quality box
Basic hand sewing stitches are easier when you have the right tools.
See more sewing supplies.
These sewing video tutorials are to help beginning sewers learn
some basic hand sewing stitches.